cerebral cortex is a thin layer of gray matter which completely
covers the telencephalon and is responsible for directing
skeletal muscle movement, receiving sensory information from
both inside and outside the body, and integrating sensorimotor
activity. It also stores and processes memory, initiates and
coordinates learning and all higher cognitive functions, and
mediates such phenomena as love, hate, joy, appreciation, etc.
Here, we will examine only the sensory and motor roles of the
clusters of gray matter called basal nuclei are also important
in coordinating muscle movement and motor control. In this
respect, they cooperate with the cerebral cortex, the
cerebellum, and the brain stem in bringing about coordinated and
perfectly timed movements when a purposeful motor act is
required. Here, we will examine these nuclei and the manner in
which they are incorporated into the motor control system.